Côte de Nuits
The key villages of the Côte de Nuits are Gevrey-Chambertin, Vougeot, Vosne-Romanee and Nuits-Saint-Georges
Côte de Beaune
The important villages on the Côte de Beaune are Aloxe-Corton, Beaune, Pommard, Volnay, Meursault, Puligny-Montrachet and Chassagne-Montrachet.
Beaune has been central to the Burgundy wine region for centuries. It is the local centre for négociants – wine merchants – and some 170,000 cases of wine are produced here each year, mainly reds from the grape Pinot Noir (although there is an increasing amount of Chardonnay also grown here).
Beaune originally grew from a camp set up by Julius Caesar, and it was the seat of the dukes of Burgundy until the 13th century.
The terroir here is of an exceptional standard, with two-thirds of production designated as Premiere Cru, and wine made here tends to be a maximum of medium bodied. The terroir is dominated by limestone. The higher sloping areas are relatively steep, with a thin layer of soil featuring rendzina. The deep soils of the lower slopes contain iron-rich limestone with marl, and clay and limestone feature at the lowest levels. The elevation is between 220 and 300 metres above sea level.